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French Level 1
    Unité 12: Leçon 3e
    Les Phrases avec
    Le Verbe "AVOIR"
    Doesn't Luc just have a way with words?

    Previously, you had the exciting opportunity to make some sentences using the verb, "Avoir". In this leçon, we'll be continuing on with more new info as we begin to form sentences using "Avoir" that have to do with...you guessed it. Body Parts!

    Let's begin with a quick review of the parts of "La Tête", including the part we call "Le Visage" (This is a new word. It means "face" "en anglais") that you already know:

    La Tête et
    Le Visage

    Track 18
    Great! Now before we begin the "learning sentences thing" for this leçon, we have just a few more words that you need to learn. These have to do with "Hair", both on the head AND on the face, or to be more exact, on my face. Take a look:
    La Tête et
    Le Visage 2

    (sounds like a movie sequel!)

    Track 19
    Now we're ready for the really exciting part! Sentences!

    There is more than one way to make sentences using body parts. We will be dealing with some of these in a moment, however, let's start our little adventure by learning about some different ways to discuss hair color. You already know the ways to do this using the verb, "Être":
Les Descriptions des Cheveux avec "Être"

Track 20

Il est blond. Il est brun. Il est brun. Il est roux. Il est chauve.

Elle est blonde. Elle est brune. Elle est brune. Elle est rousse.
    Now we'll use the same lovely pictures, only this time we will use the verb, "Avoir" for our sentences
    (Because each of these sentences begins in the same way, we will put all of the words above the pictures):
Les Descriptions des Cheveux avec "Avoir"

Track 21
Il a les cheveux
blonds. bruns. bruns roux. chauve.(NO!).
Elle a les cheveux
blonds. bruns. bruns. roux.

    Before we move on, I want to point out to you some important information about sentence structures that are found in the phrases you just learned. When using the verb, être in a sentence such as, "Elle est blonde", the adjective "blond" must agree with the noun or pronoun that it is describing, which in this case is "Elle" (a female). However, when the verb, avoir is used as part of a sentence to describe a woman's hair color, such as in the case of "Elle a les cheveux blonds", the adjective "blond" must be changed to agree with what is being described, which in this case is, "les cheveux". So how do we make this last change? We simply add a letter "s" to the end of the word "blond". Since French people say "les cheveux" or "the hairs" (plural form), the word describing the color of these hairs must also be plural, thus, "blond" in this sentence becomes, "blonds".

    A couple more things. I'm sure you noticed the addition of the letter "e" at the end of the word "blond" in the sentence, "Elle est blonde". Why does this happen? The reason is simple. To make the word "blond" feminine because, as I said before, the word, "blonde" describes "Elle". In the sentence, "Elle a les cheveux blonds" the word, "blonds" describes "les cheveux" (the word "cheveux" is masculine and plural and so we add a letter "s" to the "blond".)

    WHEW!!! I hope this long explanation made sense to you. If you're still a bit confused, go back and review the picture tables above until you feel comfortable with their contents. To make certain that you understand all of this information, you'll have the opportunity to try making some of your own sentences using these examples soon!

    Now, just in case you need more study about how this "hair stuff" all works, you can study throught the graph below:
Track 22
Les Verbes et "Les Cheveux"  
"Être" "Avoir" EN ANGLAIS
Je suis roux. J'ai les cheveux roux. I am a red-head.
I have red hair (male)
Je suis rousse. J'ai les cheveux roux. I am a red-head.
I have red hair (female).
Tu es blond. Tu as les cheveux blonds. You are blond.
You have blond hair (male).
Tu es blonde. Tu as les cheveux blonds. You are blond.
You have blond hair (female).
Luc est blond. Luc a les cheveux blonds. Luc is blond.
Luc has blond hair.
Nous sommes bruns. Nous avons les cheveux bruns. We are brunettes.
We have brown hair
(males OR males & females).
Nous sommes brunes. Nous avons les cheveux bruns. We are brunettes.
We have brown hair
(females only).
Ils sont bruns. Ils ont les cheveux noirs. They are brunettes.
They have black hair
(males OR males & females).
Gille et Marie-Catherine sont bruns. Gille et Marie-Catherine ont les cheveux noirs. Gille and Marie-Catherine are brunettes.
Gille and Marie-Catherine have black hair.
Elles sont brunes. Elles ont les cheveux noirs. They are brunettes.
The have black hair
(females only).


Time for the next leçon!



Introduction / Leçon 1a / Leçon 1b / Leçon 2a / Leçon 2b / Leçon 2c /
Leçon 3a / Leçon 3b / Leçon 3c / Leçon 3d / Leçon 3e / Leçon 3f / Leçon 4 / Leçon 5a / Leçon 5b